Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakram
In Jun 2011, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India launched the Janani–Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), a national initiative to make available better health facilities for women and child.
The new initiative of JSSK would provide completely free and cashless services to pregnant women including normal deliveries and caesarean operations and sick new born (up to 30 days after birth) in Government health institutions in both rural and urban areas. The new JSSK initiative is estimated to benefit more than one crore pregnant women & newborns who access public health institutions every year in both urban & rural areas.
The Free Entitlements under JSSK would include:
- Free and Cashless Delivery
- Free C-Section
- Free treatment of sick-new-born up to 30 days
- Exemption from User Charges
- Free Drugs and Consumables
- Free Diagnostics
- Free Diet during stay in the health institutions – 3 days in case of normal delivery and 7 days in case of caesarean section
- Free Provision of Blood
- Free Transport from Home to Health Institutions
- Free Transport between facilities in case of referral as also Drop Back from Institutions to home after 48hrs stay.
- Free Entitlements for Sick newborns till 30 days after birth similarly include Free treatment, Free drugs and consumables, Free diagnostics, Free provision of blood, Exemption from user charges, Free Transport from Home to Health Institutions, Free Transport between facilities in case of referral and Free drop Back from Institutions to home.
As noted by the Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Sh Ghulam Nabi Azad the number of institutional deliveries has increased from seven lakhs (2005-06) to more than a crore (2010-11).
Institutional deliveries are a key determinant of maternal mortality and quality provision of ante-natal and post-natal services can reduce infant as well as maternal mortality.
Janani-Shishu Suraksha Karyakram supplements the cash assistance given to a pregnant woman under Janani Suraksha Yojana and is aimed at mitigating the burden of out of pocket expenses incurred by pregnant women and sick newborns. Besides it would be a major factor in enhancing access to public health institutions and help bring down the Maternal Mortality and Infant mortality rates.