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Universal Immunization Programme

Immunization of Infants and Children against the six killer but preventable diseases namely Tuberculosis, Pertusis, Diptheria, Tetanus, Poliomyelitis and Measles is the major thrust of the Child Health Care delivery system in the country. A Child who received one dose each of BCG & Measles vaccines and three doses of each DPT and Polio vaccines is considered to be a Fully Immunized Child and one of the objectives of Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) is to achieved Fully Immunized Children above 80 % and thereby reduce Infant Mortality Rate below 30 and sustain Routine Immunization thereafter.

Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) was launched in 1985 to progressively cover the country. Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) achieved National Coverage by 1990 and since then, the State with the implementation of Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) has been able to bring down the Infant Mortality Rate from 188.9 recorded in 1975 to 58 as per 2008 SRS. Much more is expected from the interventions under Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) so as to bring down the present rate of Infant Mortality Rate to below 30 as per the goal setup under NRHM/RCH-II.

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